LANSING (WWJ) — Michigan’s three powerhouse research universities are among the top university innovation clusters in the nation, according to a new study.
The research, commissioned by Michigan’s University Research Corridor — a research and innovation promotion organization created by Michigan State University, the University of Michigan and Wayne State University — created an “Innovation Power Ranking” combining measures like research and development spending, research commercialization and talent production.
Michigan’s URC ranked second by this benchmark when compared to seven other major university research clusters in six states, including well-known hubs such as North Carolina’s Research Triangle Park, northern and southern California, and Massachusetts’ Route 128 Corridor.
Only the southern California innovation cluster, led by the University of California Los Angeles, the University of Southern California and San Diego State University, and including the giant Los Angeles-San Diego metropolitan area, topped the Michigan URC in the innovation power ranking.
The report was prepared by East Lansing-based Anderson Economic Group. It showed the only weakness of the URC is in commercialization through patents and startup companies, where the study showed the URC was seventh among its peers. The URC was No. 1 in talent production and fourth in R&D spending. In creating the Innovation Power Ranking, AEG weighted talent and research at 40 percent each and technology transfer and commercialization at 20 percent, reflecting how large research universities typically allocate efforts.
The report showed that the URC universities conferred 32,483 graduate and undergraduate degrees in 2012, more than any of the university innovation clusters the URC has benchmarked itself against since 2007. The URC also granted the highest number of medical degrees and second highest number of high-demand degrees overall. And the URC saw its research and development spending rise to nearly $2.1 billion.
The report shows the URC contributed $16.6 billion in state economic activity in fiscal year 2012. Activity attributable to the URC boosted state tax revenue by $449 million that year, an increase of $98 million over the first fiscal year measured, 2006.
URC executive director Jeff Mason said the report tells him that Michigan’s research universities stack up well when compared to the best in the world. “While the URC does well in many categories when comparing itself to other university innovation clusters, the Innovation Power Ranking gives an even better look at how competitive the three URC universities are,” Mason said.
Added University of Michigan president Mary Sue Coleman: “The URC is contributing to Michigan’s economy through tax revenues, job creation and producing the graduates and research that can fill the needs of Michigan businesses. We take our responsibility to make Michigan a better and stronger state extremely seriously.”
The URC was responsible in 2012 for more than 66,000 direct and indirect jobs statewide, with the impact being felt in regions ranging from the Upper Peninsula to Michigan’s southern border. Michigan State University president Lou Anna K. Simon said the universities are working hard to assist in accelerating Michigan’s economic growth.
“We continue to find more ways that we can commercialize the work being done on our campuses, either through patents or by creating new start-up companies,” Simon said. “We’re also giving our faculty, students and alumni a growing array of tools to become entrepreneurs.”
Since 2002, the three URC universities have cultivated 163 start-up companies, including 71 launched in the past five years. Among URC alumni, a 2013 survey indicated that they had started or acquired businesses at double the national average rate among college graduates since 1996 and were 1.5 times as successful as the average U.S. business owner at keeping those start-ups and acquisitions alive in the previous five years.
“The three URC universities constantly are striving for excellence in their joint goals of educating students, attracting talented workers to Michigan, supporting innovation and encouraging the transfer of technology to the private sector,” said Wayne State University President M. Roy Wilson. “Those efforts are making a difference in Michigan and especially in Detroit, where the URC universities are deeply involved in assisting the city’s resurgence.”
For the past seven years, the URC has commissioned Anderson Economic Group to provide an annual report that calculates the economic impact of the URC’s activities on Michigan’s economy and compares its performance to peer university innovation clusters nationwide. The report matches up Michigan’s URC against clusters in Northern California, Southern California, Illinois, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Texas.
“The new Innovation Power Ranking developed by AEG gives an even clearer picture of the URC’s success in areas that help boost Michigan’s economy, from innovative research that gives Michigan businesses an edge to helping students gain the skills they need to compete in high-demand fields,” said Patrick Anderson, principal and CEO of AEG, an economic and research consulting firm. “In looking at other university innovation clusters nationwide, AEG finds that Michigan’s URC is in a strong position on many measures.”
The report also includes a breakdown of the URC’s economic impact in 10 regions statewide, including the effect of the additional money URC alumni living in Michigan earn because of their university degrees and the spending of students attending one of the three URC universities. Nearly a quarter of all higher education students in Michigan last year attended one of the three URC universities, which accounted for 93 percent of academic research in the state.
The seventh annual URC Economic Impact Report can be found at http://urcmich.org.